The name can seem ugly, but it is more common of what it is imagined. The dislexia? derivative of the Greek ' ' dis' ' (difficulty) and ' ' lexia' ' (language)? she is one of the most common deficiencies of learning. Dislxicas people? that had been never treated? they read with difficulty, therefore they are difficult to assimilate words. Generally, the dislxicos also have problems in spelling. Research discloses that about 15% of the world-wide population she is dislxica. The symptoms are several and go since the general impossibility to understand the symbol written until the difficulty in recognizing the letters b-d, p-q, m-n, d-t and c-q, among others, but this does not want to say that a less intelligent person dislexa either. Quite to the contrary, some obtain to above average have a development, as it is the case of Tom Cruise, Albert Einstein, Walt Disney, Pablo Picasso, Steven Spielberg, among others. The dislexia is a difficulty of unexpected language, therefore it is not related the visual, auditory problems, injuries neurological, psychological and sociocultural retardation, problems.
Its causes are neurobiolgicas and genetic. The dislexia is inherited e, therefore, a dislxica child has some father, grandfather, uncle or cousin who also are dislxico. Happily, the dislexia has cure. It does not have one alone treatment that it is adjusted to all the people. However, the majority emphasizes the assimilation of fonemas, the development of the vocabulary, the improvement of the understanding and fluency in the reading. These treatments help the dislxico to recognize sounds, syllables, words and, finally, phrases.
The professionals who can carry through this diagnosis are fonoaudilogos working together with psychologists specialized in the subject. We can suspect the presence of the dislexia since early, mainly at the time of the alfabetizao, when the reading and writing formal are presented the child. A more necessary diagnosis is after made two years of learning of the reading. But having signals of difficulties in the language areas, an adequate attendance must be initiated before same of the alfabetizao. Signals of dislexia in adults? Permanence of the difficulty in writing in cursiva letter; Difficulty in planning and organization; Difficulty with schedules (they are gone too far, they arrived late or they forgotten); Lack of the reading habit; Normally they have space talentos (engineers, architects, artists). If you present these symptoms, you look aid of a professional to carry through the diagnosis correctly. remembers of that you can win the dislexia. It is alone to want! Monitorial institute