The first written mention of Zagreb is to 1094g. When King Ladislaus I founded the bishopric at Mount Kaptol. Near the bishopric was the city Hradec artisans, who in 1242 was declared a free city and always competed with Kaptol. Later, in 1851. Hradec Kaptol and merged into a single city of Zagreb, and now they together constitute the so-called Upper town – a medieval historical district of Zagreb. The upper city is famous for its architectural landmarks, lots of cozy cafes and restaurants, picturesque town market, where you can buy fresh fruit. The central square in Zagreb bears the name of Ban Jelacic, the national hero of Croatia, whose monument stands in the center square. Turn right on the area of Ban Jelacic, you'll see the monumental task of the Cathedral St.
Stephen's Cathedral looming over Kaptolskoy area. The cathedral was built in Gothic Revival style for several centuries and the present appearance in 1899. Near the cathedral is the Archbishop's Palace and the fortress walls with fortification towers, built in the Middle Ages to protect the cathedral and diocese. Nearby is a building of the Croatian parliament and presidential palace. Another attraction is the upper town St. Mark's Church, built in the 14th century, it has a unusual roof tile on which was painted in the colors of the flag of Croatia. One of the oldest streets of Upper Town – Tkachicheva street, this is one of the most popular holiday destinations of the townspeople and tourists.
Street Tkachicheva originates from the area of Ban Jelacic, and leads into the old city, it is almost all composed of many small restaurants, cafes and shops that always filled with tourists, every house on this street has its own individual person, houses are painted in different colors, many decorated with drawings and decorative elements. Another historical part of Zagreb – the so-called Lower City, this part of Zagreb was built mainly during the 19th century. Here are the National Theater, Museum Mimar, Archaeological Museum, the National University Botanic Garden, Gallery and many Shtrosmayera other museums. Zagreb is one of the greenest cities in Eastern Europe, in the city has many parks, the most famous of which – this park "Maksimir" an area of 18 hectares, a popular place for walking and recreation citizens. The park was opened to the public at 1794g. and became the first of its kind in the city park in Eastern Europe, in addition to the park is the Zagreb Zoo.