Introduction the construction of the concept of infancy and adolescence together with walks the construction of the family concept; at each historical moment, and through the values and presented social norms, them they can assume differentiated characteristics. In this construction the papers are delimited that each individual assumes in the family, the place who is determined to them, as well as the social function of this group. ' ' The family concept is historical e, therefore it must be contextualizado. For ends of this reflection … ' ' , paraphrasing Vanderley (2006, p.15). The family can be understood as the roster coexisting in private space, in continuous way, not causal and relatively steady establishing relations in the public spaces.

As estimated basic, she has necessity to understand the families, ' ' … not from models and compositions and yes, to understand them from affective bows and of the commitment of care loan that assumes between si' ' (FERNANDES, 2006:21). When surpassing the estereotipados models, we can understand its dynamics in the social relations, as well as, can apprehend the influence of the cares that require its members, in its different phases of the life, mainly, as for the children and adolescents. In case of children and adolescents, makes necessary that let us know displayed in Statute of Child and of Adolescente (ECA), and that the population has knowledge of its content, in view of the responsibility that all have in the guarantee of the rights of boys and girls, as affirms the article 4 of the Statute: It is to have of the family, of the community, society in general and of the Public Power to assure, with absolute priority, the efetivao the referring rights to the life, the health, the feeding, the education, the sport, the leisure, the professionalization, to the culture, the dignity, the respect, the freedom and the familiar convivncia and communitarian (BRAZIL, 1990).